2023.09: How Did the West Get Russia So Wrong?
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In the Classroom:
Ambassador Ian Kelly, retired Foreign Service Officer, professor at Northwestern University
Professor Floros' Introduction
Ukrainian civilian Casualties (Statistia, c/o the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights)
Ukrainian military casualties, one year in (Bradley Devlin for The American Conservative, Feb. 10, 2023)
Killed + injured: ~100,000
Russian troop casualties, one year in (Julia Mueller in The Hill, c/o the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Feb. 28, 2023)
Killed + injured: 180,000-250,000
"Western Aid to Ukraine is Still Not Enough" (Eliot A. Cohen in The Atlantic, Jan. 17, 2023)
Military aid to Ukraine (Martin Armstrong in Statista, Feb. 24, 2023)
US aid to Ukraine as reported by the Congressional Research Service, updated Feb. 27, 2023
Russian War Crimes
"Evidence of Russia’s War Crimes and Other Atrocities in Ukraine: Recent Reporting on Child Relocations" (US State Department, Feb. 14, 2023)
"Russia has committed more than 65,000 war crimes in Ukraine, prosecutor general says" (Amanda Macias at CNBC, Feb. 1, 2023)
Charlie Savage in the New York Times (March 8, 2023) reports that the Defense Department refuses to provide evidence of Russian war crimes to the International Criminal Court in the Hague because they don't want to set a precedent that may lead to criminal prosecutions of US military personnel.
"House Republicans tout Ukraine oversight, brace for funding fight" (Bryant Harris in Defense News, Feb. 28, 2023)
Ambassador Kelly's Introduction
Moscow coup 1991: With Boris Yeltsin on the tank (BBC, Aug. 20, 2011)
"Russia to join World Trade Organization" in 2012 after 18 years of negotiations (Will Englund and Kathy Lally for the Washington Post, July 10, 2012)
"Milestone as Russia is finally admitted to G8" (Ron Popeski in The Guardian, June 27, 2002)
Writings by Steven Pifer for Brookings (A retired Foreign Service officer, he served more than 25 years with the Department of State, including as deputy assistant secretary of state with responsibility for Russia and Ukraine, ambassador to Ukraine, and special assistant to the president and National Security Council senior director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia. He also served at the U.S. embassies in London, Moscow and Warsaw, in addition to assignments in Washington and in Geneva with the U.S. delegation to the negotiation on intermediate range nuclear forces. He was a part of the U.S. team that negotiated the Trilateral Statement.)
The Trilateral Process: The United States, Ukraine, Russia and Nuclear Weapons (May 2011. See especially p. 23)
"Why care about Ukraine and the Budapest Memorandum" (Dec. 5, 2019)
"Memorandum on security assurances in connection with Ukraine’s accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons." Budapest, 5 December 1994
NATO's 2008 Bucharest Summit Declaration (April 3, 2008)
#23: "NATO welcomes Ukraine’s and Georgia’s Euro-Atlantic aspirations for membership in NATO. We agreed today that these countries will become members of NATO. Both nations have made valuable contributions to Alliance operations. We welcome the democratic reforms in Ukraine and Georgia and look forward to free and fair parliamentary elections in Georgia in May. MAP [Membership Action Plan] is the next step for Ukraine and Georgia on their direct way to membership. Today we make clear that we support these countries’ applications for MAP. Therefore we will now begin a period of intensive engagement with both at a high political level to address the questions still outstanding pertaining to their MAP applications. We have asked Foreign Ministers to make a first assessment of progress at their December 2008 meeting. Foreign Ministers have the authority to decide on the MAP applications of Ukraine and Georgia."
"If Past Is Prologue, EU Needs To Up Its Game With Russia" (Robert Coalson for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, July 17, 2014)
Article written in 2014 about 2008 French negotiations between Russia and Georgia.
"From 'Not Us' To 'Why Hide It?': How Russia Denied Its Crimea Invasion, Then Admitted It" (Carl Schreck for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Feb. 26, 2019)
"The 'Reset' At One Year: The View From Moscow" (Brian Whitmore for Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, Feb. 5, 2010)
"Why Putin Plays Our Presidents for Fools" (Ron Fournier for The Atlantic, March 2, 2014)
Executive Agreements v. Treaties
"International Law and Agreements: Their Effect upon U.S. Law" (Congressional Research Service, Sept. 19, 2018)
Discusses the difference between executive agreements and treaties, among other related topics
"What happens now after Russia suspends the last nuclear arms treaty with the U.S.?" (Bill Chappell for NPR, Feb. 22, 2023)
Russian Public Opinion
"How Russians Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the War: The Pliant Majority Sustaining Putin’s Rule" (Andrei Kolesnikov in Foreign Affairs, Feb. 1, 2023)
Russia's International Reputation
"United West, divided from the rest: Global public opinion one year into Russia’s war on Ukraine" (Timothy Garton Ash, Ivan Krastev, and Mark Leonard for the European Council on Foreign Relations, Feb. 22, 2023)
Threat of NATO?
NATO's response to Russian claims of NATO being a threat (Last updated July 22, 2022)
Putin's endgame in Ukraine (video by CBC News, March 2023)
"Democracy-Building in the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union: Progress and Implications for U.S. Interests" (Congressional Research Service, July 29, 1998)
"Russia Sidesteps Western Punishments, With Help From Friends" (Ana Swanson for the New York Times, Jan. 31, 2023)
Ambassador until 2018
"In Break With Precedent, Obama Envoys Are Denied Extensions Past Inauguration Day" (Julie Hirschfeld Davis for the New York Times, Jan. 5, 2017)
Article notes that career Foreign Service Officers who serve as Ambassadors typically stay in their posts while political appointees leave at the beginning of a new administration.